Human Iconography and Symbolic Meaning in Near Eastern Prehistory
Proceedings of the Workshop held at 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016
Reihe: OREA - Oriental and European Archaeology , Band: 11
Format: 246 Seiten mit zahlr. Abb., 29,7x21cm, gebunden, englisch
The contributions in this volume present a new and comprehensive understanding of prehistoric anthropomorphic iconography which will supplement the conventional thematic canon that is usually applied to the analyses of anthropomorphic representations. The contributions include detailed considerations of contexts containing anthropogenic images, burial practices, and anthropological data regarding health and nutrition.
The chronological focus of the volume is the period from the late Epipalaeolithic (Natufian) to the Chalcolithic (c. 14,900 to 5700 cal.BP) covering the ‘fertile crescent’ region of South-west Asia. This period and region provide the broad context of the development of agriculture and animal husbandry as well as further essential foundations for social coexistence, all of which profoundly influence our modern society.
The chapters show that the human iconography provides evidence for social hierarchies and complex gender relations from prehistory on. Further, they show early tendencies towards a canonisation of the principles of presentation in gestures. Magic-religious practices become visible, and the basic question regarding whether human beings or supernatural creatures are depicted is discussed in several contributions, although the meaning of their symbolic contents remains to be deciphered by future research.
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