Die Qualifikationsstruktur der österreichischen Bevölkerung im Wandel
Analyse und Computersimulation des Schulsystems und der Qualifikationsstruktur der Bevölkerung 1971-2025
Format: 237 Seiten, 22,5x15cm, broschiert
Although the training and qualification structure of the Austrian population has improved immensely during the last thirty years, this country still does not exactly number among the leading nations with regard to both the qualification structure and the underlying education system. Throughout this period, the largest part of the above qualification improvement has been due to the female population. Women made increasing use of the educational opportunities even when the rate of male education increase was already starting to decline. When looking at the average of all 18 to 20 year-olds, the proportion of female Matura degree holders (i.e., secondary school/college finishers) rose from 15% in 1971 to more than 45% in 2001 - a considerably higher increase than for males (who went from 17% to 40%). In 1971, the share of female university degree holders among the mean age cohort was 2.3%, and it grew to 4.5% in 1981, 6.0% in 1991 and an impressive 12.6% in 2001, while the corresponding percentages for males between 1981 (7.8%) and 2001 (7.2%) were even somewhat in decline. Only with the establishment of the Fachhochschulen (i.e., universities of applied sciences, or polytechnics) did the proportion of male graduates start to rise noticeably again. However, it should be mentioned that the enormous increase in women's education participation has been characterised by a rather restricted choice of schooling institutions and fields of study. With the respective delay, the qualification structure of the population as a whole has improved as well.